When and why do we celebrate World Environment Day?

When and why do we celebrate World Environment Day

World Environment Day is celebrated all over the world to make people aware and aware of the protection and conservation of nature and the environment. The day has become a campaign to raise awareness around the world on environmental issues arising from marine pollution, global population explosion, and global warming. But do you know, vishva paryavaran divas kab manaya jata hai? So the answer is – on 5th June every year.

Currently, this day is a means for the United Nations to raise awareness of environmental protection and to implement the work of nature conservation around the world; In which more than 143 countries participate every year.

How did World Environment Day start?

UNESCO decided in 1968 to conduct international research on the pressure on ecology and the problems of man and the biosphere, and in 1969 a conference of about 80 scientists from all countries was held in Paris. In 1971 an International Coordinating Committee of 25 countries was formed and in November of the same year meeting was held in France and the said committee decided to implement its macro plan in 13 sub-plans.

Similarly, in 1968, Sweden proposed in the United Nations that scientists from all over the world should come together to consider the problems of the environment. In 1972, the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment was held in Stockholm, Sweden. The world's leading environmentalist – Maurice F. A committee was formed under the chairmanship of Strong, under whose direction national committees were formed in all the countries.

The conference lasted from June 5 to 16 and it was decided that this environmental protection campaign should not stop. Therefore, since then June 5 is celebrated every year as 'World Environment Day and there is an ideological exchange on all environmental problems.

Q2. When is 'World Forest Day' celebrated?

Answer: International Day of Forests is celebrated every year on 21 March to raise awareness among people around the world about the special role of forests in environmental sustainability and food security.

It was initiated by the United Nations General Assembly by passing a resolution on 28 November 2012. It was first celebrated all over the world on March 21, 2013.

Q3. What is IUCN and when was it established?

Answer: The full name of IUCN is 'International Union for Conservation of Nature. This international organization is an organization of government organizations, scientists, and other conservation scientists who are striving for the protection and enhancement of biological resources.

Established in the year 1948 in France, IUCN. It has over 1,400 member organizations, over 17,000 experts, and has NGOs operating in about 160 countries. It has 6 commissions and the experts of the organization give their opinion on the protection of endangered animals, environmental policy, rules and administration, and environmental education, etc.

Q4. When and why was the 'Wildlife Protection Act of India enacted?

When and why was the 'Wildlife Protection Act of India enacted?

Answer: The 'Wild Life Protection Act' was made in India in the year 1972. Poaching of wild animals and keeping forest produce in one's house without a license is a punishable offense under this Act. The act has banned the trade of rare and endangered species.

In the year 2003, some important changes were made in this act, under which the amount of fine and punishment was made more stringent and the name of this act was changed to 'Wildlife Protection Act of 2002 of India'.

Q5. When is 'World Wildlife Day celebrated?

Answer: World Wildlife Day is celebrated all over the world on 3 March every year. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness about the protection of wildlife and endangered wildlife and to inform people about the ways to fight crime against wildlife.

As we all know, the wildlife trade is one of the largest illegal trades in the world, estimated at $10 billion annually. Illegal trade in products involving ivory, rhino horn, and tiger parts is widespread in many countries, especially in Asia and Africa.

On December 20, 2013, the United Nations declared World Wildlife Day to be celebrated throughout the world, to make the people of the world aware of the economic, environmental, and social damage to the world from wildlife crime. It was first celebrated on 3 March 2014.

Q6. What is UNEP and when was it established?

Answer: Established in the year 1972, UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) pays attention to the world environmental situation to draw the attention of governments to environmental problems of international importance and to protect the environment for living organisms.

UNEP Its headquarter is in Kenya (Nairobi). It is a coordinating body with the United Nations, which establishes its fund with the funds voluntarily given by other nations. Under its programs, priority is given to the areas of environmental health, regional systems, environment and development, oceans, energy, and natural hazards, etc. The main goal of all these activities is to develop in an environmentally sound direction.

Q7. When was the 'Water and Air Pollution Prevention and Control Act' implemented in India?

Answer: The Water Pollution Prevention and Control Act, 1974 in India was enacted on 23 March 1974. The Central Board for the Control and Prevention of Water Pollution was constituted in September 1974 to implement and implement the sections of the said Act, which was attached to the Environment Department from January 1982. is.

Similarly, the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Act, 1981 was also enacted on 16th March 1981 and the Central Board for the Control and Prevention of Air Pollution implement the sections of this Act. has been constituted. Presently State Boards have also been constituted on the pattern of Central Board for Water and Air-pollution Control.

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